Monday, September 18, 2023


To teach and train our Bichón Maltese, it is essential to dedicate time, commitment, and great devotion. Neglecting their socialization and learning when they first arrive at home can lead to a challenging adult life for both them and us. The happiness of our puppy, and their future as an adult, largely depends on our dedication during these initial weeks. Our actions during this period will shape the type of adult our Maltese puppy becomes. Do we desire a fearful and aggressive dog that struggles to interact with other dogs and people, or do we prefer a well-behaved and joyful companion both inside and outside our home?


Training Your Maltese Puppy Inside the House

During the initial phase when the puppy is around 8-10 weeks old, we must take on the role of guides. Our priorities during these early weeks at home should be as follows:

Establishing Hygiene Habits Inside the House

It is crucial for the puppy to learn to relieve themselves outside the home, preferably on designated papers inside the house. This foundation for good hygiene requires patience and consistency. We should reward the puppy, for example, with puppy treats, every time they successfully use the designated area.

If they start to relieve themselves elsewhere, we can pick them up and place them on the papers while rewarding them. It is advisable to pick them up after meals or upon waking up, as these moments are when they are more likely to go potty. Gradually, the puppy will learn and willingly use the designated area.

Teaching Bite Inhibition

It is natural for a Bichón Maltese puppy to explore the world with their mouth and teeth. To satisfy their need to chew, we should provide them with appropriate toys and objects specifically designed for puppies.

Additionally, we must teach them to differentiate between biting toys and biting people. If the puppy nips or bites inappropriately, we should firmly say “NO!” and redirect their attention to an acceptable chew toy. Positive reinforcement, such as praise or petting when they chew on their toys, will reinforce this positive behavior.

Teaching the Puppy to Be Comfortable Alone

Bichón Maltese puppies, like many other breeds, may experience distress when left alone. To address this, we need to gradually teach them to be comfortable with solitude. When we are at home, we should leave the puppy alone for short periods and wait outside the door.

If the puppy starts to cry or whine, we should not rush to comfort them immediately. Instead, we should wait for a few moments and then enter the room calmly, avoiding any form of excitement. This process may require several repetitions, but the puppy will eventually learn that being alone is not a distressing experience.

Discouraging Jumping on People

Puppies often express their excitement and affection by jumping on people when greeting them. However, this behavior can become undesirable and even dangerous as the puppy grows into an adult.

We must consistently discourage this behavior by not reinforcing it with attention when the puppy jumps. Instead, we should calmly turn away or step back and only give attention or praise when the puppy has all four paws on the ground.

Preventing Furniture Access

Allowing the puppy to climb onto furniture, such as sofas or beds, may lead to dominance issues and difficulty setting boundaries in the future. It is essential to discourage this behavior from the beginning. Whenever the puppy attempts to climb onto furniture, we should gently and firmly place them back on the floor while saying “NO!” in a consistent tone. Over time, the puppy will learn that furniture is off-limits.

Proper Conduct Outside the House

It is crucial for your Bichón Maltese to behave well when taken for a walk. An unruly and uncontrolled dog can make walks stressful and unpleasant. Here’s how to train your Bichón Maltese in the following aspects:

Learning to Walk on a Leash

Introduce your puppy to wearing a collar indoors for short periods before venturing outside on a leash. Gradually increase the time spent with the collar on until the puppy is comfortable wearing it. Once the puppy is ready for a walk, use a standard leash and allow them to explore their surroundings while maintaining a gentle grip on the leash. Over time, they will learn to walk beside you without pulling or tugging.

Responding to Commands

Teaching your puppy to respond to simple commands is essential for safety and good behavior. Start with basic commands such as their name, “Here,” “Sit,” and “Down.” Use a cheerful tone and positive reinforcement, such as treats or praise, when they respond correctly.

Teaching your Bichón Maltese to come when called

  • To teach your puppy to come when called, start by putting them on a long leash or a lightweight rope in a safe area with minimal distractions.
  • Step back a few feet and squat down to their level. Using an enthusiastic and inviting voice, call their name followed by “come” or “here.”
  • When the puppy starts moving towards you, encourage them with praise and a treat.
  • Repeat this exercise several times during each training session, gradually increasing the distance between you and the puppy.
  • Over time, your Bichón Maltese will associate the command with positive reinforcement and willingly come when called.

Teaching your Bichón Maltese to sit

  • Begin this training indoors or in a quiet outdoor area with few distractions.
  • Hold a treat close to your puppy’s nose, and then move your hand upward and slightly backward over their head. This motion will naturally cause the puppy to sit.
  • As soon as your puppy sits, say “sit” and reward them with the treat.
  • Practice this command frequently throughout the day, using the word “sit” each time your puppy assumes the position.
  • Once your Bichón Maltese consistently responds to the “sit” command, you can gradually introduce distractions and practice the command in different settings.

Teaching your Bichón Maltese to lie down

  • Start with your puppy in a sitting position.
  • Hold a treat close to their nose and slowly lower your hand to the ground.
  • As the puppy follows the treat to the ground and lies down, say “down” and reward them with the treat.
  • Practice this command regularly, and over time, your Bichón Maltese will learn to lie down on command, even without the treat lure.

A Comprehensive Guide: How to Educate Your Bichon Maltese Puppy

Educating your Bichon Maltese puppy is an essential aspect of responsible pet ownership. These adorable little companions are a mix of Bichon Frise and Maltese breeds, known for their playful nature, intelligence, and affectionate demeanor. Proper training not only helps in shaping their behavior but also enhances the bond between you and your furry friend. In this guide, we’ll explore effective strategies to educate your Bichon Maltese puppy.

Understanding Your Bichon Maltese Puppy

Before diving into training techniques, it’s important to understand the Bichon Maltese puppy’s characteristics and temperament.

Characteristics of Bichon Maltese Puppies

Bichon Maltese puppies are intelligent, eager to please, and highly trainable. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques and enjoy engaging with their owners.


They are affectionate, sociable, and usually get along well with people and other pets. This sociable nature makes them receptive to training and interacting with their human companions.

Effective Training Strategies

Here are several effective strategies to successfully educate your Bichon Maltese puppy:

1. Start Early

Begin training your Bichon Maltese puppy as early as possible. Puppies are like sponges during their early months and can quickly learn and adapt to new routines and commands.

2. Positive Reinforcement

Utilize positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, or toys, to reward your puppy for good behavior. This encourages them to repeat the desired actions and builds a positive association with the training.

3. Basic Commands: Sit, Stay, Come

Teach basic commands like ‘sit,’ ‘stay,’ and ‘come.’ These commands are not only essential for their safety but also establish your authority and help in controlling their behavior.

4. Crate Training

Introduce crate training to provide a safe and comfortable space for your Bichon Maltese puppy. Crate training helps with housebreaking and teaches them to have their own space.

5. Socialization

Expose your Bichon Maltese puppy to various people, pets, and environments to promote positive socialization. Well-socialized puppies grow up to be confident and well-adjusted dogs.

6. Consistency and Patience

Consistency is key to successful training. Set a consistent routine and be patient with your puppy. Rome wasn’t built in a day, and similarly, training takes time and effort.

7. Gentle Discipline

Use gentle discipline techniques when necessary, such as redirecting undesirable behaviors and using a firm but gentle ‘no.’ Avoid harsh punishments, as it can harm the trust and bond you share with your puppy.

8. Professional Training Classes

Consider enrolling your Bichon Maltese puppy in professional training classes. These classes provide expert guidance and structured training, enhancing your puppy’s social skills and behavior.

9. Regular Exercise

Ensure your puppy gets regular exercise to burn off energy and stay healthy. A tired puppy is more receptive to training sessions.

A Well-Trained and Happy Bichon Maltese Puppy

Educating your Bichon Maltese puppy is a rewarding journey that builds a strong foundation for a well-behaved and happy pet. By understanding their nature and utilizing effective training strategies, you’re investing in a lifetime of companionship and joy with your Bichon Maltese puppy. Start early, be consistent, and shower them with love and positive reinforcement, and you’ll have a well-trained, loving companion by your side.


By following these training and education guidelines from the moment your Bichón Maltese puppy joins your home, you increase the chances of raising a well-behaved, sociable, and friendly adult dog. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are key to building a strong bond with your furry companion and ensuring a happy and harmonious life together.

With dedication and time, your Bichón Maltese will grow into a loving and well-mannered member of your family. Remember, the effort invested in training and educating your puppy will undoubtedly result in a lifetime of companionship and joy.

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