Bichon Maltese puppies, cherished for their pristine white coats and affectionate personalities, are a popular choice among dog enthusiasts. However, it’s not uncommon for pet owners to notice black spots on their Bichon Maltese’s coat, causing concern and curiosity. In this blog, we delve into the possible causes of these black spots and offer insights into how to care for your adorable Bichon Maltese puppy.
CARE TO PREVENT BLACK SPOTS IN THE BICHON MALTESE
Questions about black spots on maltese dogs
- Which regions of Malta should be black?
- Why and how blackheads can appear
- Health problems that can cause black spots
- How to fade and remove dark spots on your Maltese
- Areas that should be black
Probably one of the most desirable qualities of the Maltese breed is the wonderful opposition of the pure white coat and the deep, dark black spots and halos. These areas ‘should’ be dark:
- eye rim
- foot pads
A Maltese should have these areas of fur a deep, dark black. The darkness surrounding the eyes is called halos and the nose should be considered a rich black without any lighter discoloration. The paw pads and lips should also be dark.
When there are black spots on the body
Normal Maltese Skin Color
To understand this, we must first look at the element of pigmented VS non-pigmented skin. In the case of dogs, if the skin maintains a color other than white, the puppy or dog has pigmented pores and skin.
Not all Maltese have non-pigmented epidermis. This does not necessarily mean that the skin is black; could have a light yellow or tan hue. This may not be recognizable unless you lift all sections of curly hair and inspect your skin under proper lighting conditions.
That lightly pigmented skin can turn black
In MOST cases, when a Maltese puppy or dog has skin that is darkening, it is a matter of these pigmented areas – whether they are small freckled areas or large spots that were previously lemon or brown – changing color. lighter to a darker black color.
So it’s usually not a matter of non-pigmented (white) skin suddenly turning black; instead it’s lemon or tan (which you may never have noticed because it’s so light) already pigmented pores and skin darkens to a black.
And if this does happen, it usually happens as a Maltese matures
This can happen at any age; a puppy may develop dark spots, or an older dog may start to develop them. Although, in general, it is the owners of Maltese dogs from 1 to 2 years old who begin to notice this change.
In many cases it is first noticed during bathing when the coat is wet and can be quite alarming if the owner is unaware that (in most cases) it is not terribly rare (but can be prevented or reversed).
Black epidermis in the exposure ring
In regards to the skin under the hair creating a black staining, this item is not faulted or preferred in most show arenas, although some feel that the black skin pigmentation (which is not attributed to any kind of health issue) is a good sign of heavy pigmentation which only serves to enhance desirable dark factors and halos as mentioned above.
An example of how this can work, is that some owners/handlers may (dishonestly) darken the rims of the eyes with liner and while a vet can quickly spot this, pushing the hair to one side at the back and looking at the pigmentation black helps to confirm and quantify the existence of true dark spots.
There are two main things that can cause this to happen
If a Maltese doesn’t have a medical problem (later), their blackening of their skin is often due to 1 of 2 things:
1- Genetics. Dark pores and skin pigmentation is a trait (just like size, bone structure, etc.) that is passed down from parent to child. Characteristics can be transmitted up to 5 generations back. And, the attributes can skip generations and this is something to take into account whenever a puppy has characteristics that neither mother nor father possesses.
2- Sun exposure. Sun exposure often causes darker pigmentation. In fact, it’s not uncommon for a Maltese dog’s nose to fade a bit during the darker winter months only to darken again in the summer.
In this line is the component that when being outdoors – or even when lying in a sunny room – can cause black spots to begin to appear. These can be anywhere, but are often seen in the stomach.
Note that if this trait is present and strong in a Maltese dog, even without exposure to the sun, it will emerge. If a Maltese is predisposed to a darkly pigmented epidermis, it will develop regardless of the external elements.
Next, we’ll cover the possible medical reasons for black areas, and then we’ll review how you can prevent or correct non-health-related dark spots.
Why Is My Dog Getting Black Spots On His Skin?
There are a few possible explanations for why your dog is getting black spots on his skin. One possibility is that your dog is suffering from a fungal infection. If this is the case, the black spots will likely be itchy and may also ooze pus. If your dog is displaying any other symptoms, such as hair loss, excessive scratching, or a change in behavior, it is important to take him to the vet for treatment.
Another potential explanation for the black spots is that your dog is suffering from a skin condition called melanoma. This is a type of skin cancer that can cause black spots to form on the skin. If you notice any other symptoms, such as a lump or a sore that does not heal, it is important to take your dog to the vet for a diagnosis.
If you are unsure of what is causing the black spots on your dog’s skin, it is best to take him to the vet for a diagnosis. The vet will examine your dog and take a sample of the black spots for testing. There are a few possible causes of black spots on a dog’s skin, including:
- 1. Fungal infection: A fungal infection is a common cause of black spots on a dog’s skin. The fungus can cause skin lesions, which often have a black center. The fungus can also cause hair loss and a bad odor.
- 2. Parasites: Parasites, such as fleas, mites, and ticks, can cause black spots on a dog’s skin. The parasites can also cause itching, hair loss, and skin lesions.
- 3. Allergies: Dogs can develop allergies to a variety of things, including food, pollen, and dust mites. Allergies can cause black spots on a dog’s skin, as well as itching, scratching, and hair loss.
- 4. Sebaceous adenitis: Sebaceous adenitis is a rare skin disease that affects the sebaceous glands. These glands produce an oily substance called sebum, which helps to protect the skin and hair. Sebaceous adenitis can cause the sebaceous glands to become inflamed, which can lead to skin problems such as acne, oily skin, and hair loss.
The cause of sebaceous adenitis is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction, in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the sebaceous glands. Sebaceous adenitis is most common in young adults, and it is more common in women than in men. There is no known cure for sebaceous adenitis, but treatment can help to improve the symptoms. Treatment options include topical steroids, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory drugs.
What Are The Black Flecks On My Dog’S Skin?
The black flecks on your dog’s skin are most likely melanocytes, which are cells that produce the pigment melanin. Melanin is responsible for the color of hair, skin, and eyes, and can vary in color from light brown to black. Melanocytes can become activated and produce more melanin in response to sun exposure, which is why people and animals with fair skin tend to become darker in the sun.
The black flecks on your dog’s skin may also be sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands are small, oil-producing glands that are found all over the body, including in the skin and scalp. They are usually invisible, but can become enlarged and visible when they become clogged with oil and skin cells.If you are concerned about the black flecks on your dog’s skin, you should talk to your veterinarian. There are a number of conditions that can cause melanocytes to become activated and produce more melanin, including skin
How Do I Get Rid Of Black Spots On My Dogs Stomach?
Do you have black spots on your dog’s stomach? If so, you’re not alone. Many dog owners wrestle with this problem. Fortunately, there are ways to get rid of black spots on your dog’s stomach. In this article, we’ll discuss the causes of black spots on dogs’ stomachs and the best ways to treat them. The most common cause of black spots on dogs‘ stomachs is a condition called melanoma. Melanoma is a type of cancer that affects the cells that produce melanin, which is the pigment that gives skin and hair their color. Melanoma can occur in any part of the body, including the stomach.
Other causes of black spots on dogs’ stomachs include liver disease, fungal infections, and parasites. In some cases, the black spots may be caused by something as simple as a harmless accumulation of skin cells. If you notice black spots on your dog’s stomach, it’s important to consult your veterinarian to determine the underlying cause and to receive appropriate treatment.
What Are The Skin Conditions Of A Maltese Dog?
The Maltese dog breed is known for its beautiful white coat, which can lead to some common skin conditions. The most common skin conditions of Maltese dogs are:
- 1. Sebaceous adenitis – This is a condition that causes the sebaceous glands to become inflamed. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including hair loss, skin lesions, and a bad odor.
- 2. Pyoderma – Pyoderma is a condition that causes inflammation and infection of the skin. It can cause a variety of symptoms, including redness, swelling, and pus drainage.
- 3. Alopecia – Alopecia is a condition that causes hair loss. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, inflammation, and nutritional deficiencies.
- 4. Dermatitis – Dermatitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the skin. It can cause a variety of symptoms, including redness, swelling, itching.
While black spots on your Bichon Maltese puppy’s coat may raise concern, they are often harmless and manageable. Regular care, a nutritious diet, and consulting with a veterinarian when needed can ensure your puppy’s coat remains healthy and beautiful. Embrace the uniqueness of your Bichon Maltese, spots and all, and shower them with the love and care they deserve.